CONTRIBUTION OF ISLAM TO THE WORLD’S CIVILIZATION, EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT
by Dr. Zakir Hussain Kapadia, ph D, CISA, MBCS.
Let us remember our great and glorious heritage by briefly surveying what Islam has already contributed to the worlds civilization, education, culture and to scientific development.
Unlike Christianity where Deen, the religion, and Science are two separate elements, the study of science has always been compatible with Islam. Indeed the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said "The study of science has the value of fast; the teaching of science has the value of a prayer". Indeed Hazrat Ghousul Azam Dastageer, Ghous Ath Thaqalain, Hazrat Ghous Paak, Shaikh Muhyiddin Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA), too came to Baghdad Sharif for advancement of studies in Tafsir, Fiqh and Hadith because on the knowledge of these subjects depended the perfection of ones iman and the purification of ones nafs. Someone asked Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA) what he received from ALLAH to which he answered "good conduct and knowledge".
Many young Muslims are discouraged when they see the poor standard of living of Muslims throughout the world and their limited opportunities. They also know the undeveloped status of technology within the Muslim countries in comparison with the west. From these observation they immediately leap to the conclusion that the Muslim countries are backward, because Islam cannot adapt itself to the changing conditions; cannot assimilate new knowledge. Some even go so far as to say that Islam is actually against progress and against scientific advancement. But those Muslim who have studied later part of Islamic era and history will know that this is a complete fallacy and misconception. So lets do a brief review of the contribution of Islam to the civilization as we know it: